In this interview with Dr. Panda, we delve into the complexities of India-China relations, examining historical tensions and strategic challenges. Dr. Panda provides insights into the implications of China’s naval expansion and India’s responses, including modernisation efforts and strategic initiatives. The discussion also addresses broader geopolitical dynamics and the nuanced impacts on regional security and diplomacy.


  • Historical Border Disputes of Galwan Valley
  • Galwan Valley Negotiations
  • Challenges in Concluding Galwan Valley Negotiations
  • The Quad Alliance, China and India
  • China’s Naval Expansion in the Indian Ocean: Strategic Implications for India
  • India’s Naval Modernisation
  • India’s Alternative to China’s Belt and Road Initiative
  • Energy Security Challenges between India and China
  • Diaspora Politics in India-China Relations
  • Impact of Pakistan-China Relations on India
  • Limitations of Western Scholars’ Understanding of India-China Relations

Jagannath Panda

Dr. Jagannath Panda is a Senior Fellow at The Hague Centre for Strategic Studies (HCSS) and the Head of Stockholm Centre for South Asian and Indo-Pacific Affairs (SCSA-IPA) at the Institute for Security and Development Policy (ISDP), Sweden. In addition, he is a professor at the University of Warsaw, Poland.

Moreover, Dr. Panda is also the Director for Europe-Asia Research Cooperation at the Yokosuka Council on Asia-Pacific Studies (YCAPS); International Research Fellow at the Cannon Institute for Global Studies (CIGS) in Japan; a Senior Fellow at East Asian Security Centre at Bond University, Australia; and a Senior Research Fellow at the Japan Forum for Strategic Studies (JFSS), Tokyo.

As a senior expert on Indo-Pacific affairs, Dr. Panda’s research focuses primarily on India’s relations with Indo-Pacific powers (China, Japan, Korea, USA); EU-India Relations; and EU’s infrastructure, connectivity and maritime initiatives in Indo-Pacific. He is the Series Editor for Routledge Studies on Think Asia, and also the Editorial Board Member of the Journal of Asian Public Policy.

Routledge Studies on Think Asia (editor)

India-China Relations Politics of Resources, Identity and Authority in a Multipolar World Order

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